Working with Eclipse®

This section describes the general approach to C++ programming on PLCnext Technology with Eclipse® IDE. 

Note: If preferred, you might as well use Visual Studio® , the other officially supported IDE. Or instead you can rely on the PLCnext CLI combined with any other IDE or code editor.

Prerequisites

 

Creating a C++ project from a PLCnext template

Tip: There's a short tutorial video to all of these procedures, too!
  • In Eclipse®, open the File  →  New  → Project... menu. 
    Eclipse_New.png

The New Project window opens.

  • Select the PLCnext C++ Project wizard from the selection list and confirm your selection with Next

The C++ Project window opens.

  • Enter a project name in the Project name input field.
  • For this example select PLCnext C++ Project; find more information on the different project types with the Structure of a C++ program.
  • In the Toolchains area, select the PLCnext C++ Toolchain entry and confirm with Next.
    Eclipse_Project_name
  • Enter a name for the program and component in the corresponding input fields
    (Note: observe the Naming conventions).
    Project_Properties
  • Select the desired controller and firmware version for the project.
    Supported_Targets
  • Finish the wizard and start creating the program.

If several SDKs are installed on your computer, you can select multiple targets and firmware versions to be supported by the project. The PLCnext CLI will build your project for all of them automatically and put them into a single PLCnext Engineer library.

You can change these settings after the project has been created:

  • Open the Project → Properties menu.
  • Select the PLCnext Targets option.
  • Remove controllers or add new controllers and their firmware version.
  • Click the Finish button.

 

Creating a C++ program

To create a C++ program which can be imported as a library into PLCnext Engineer, you must first prepare a new project in accordance with the description above.

The new project has a defined structure in which the C++ program is created as shown in this example: 

Note: The Includes for the selected targets are sorted by lowest build number first, and then regarding alphabetical order. This only affects IntelliSense to provide the smallest common feature set of all setup project targets.

To create a program, proceed as follows:

  • Open the *.cpp source file.
  • Program the code to be executed during each ESM task cycle in the Execute() function (see this comment: //TODO implement program).

After instantiation of a program, the assigned ESM task calls the Execute() function of the program instance in each cycle.

For additional information on programming in C++, please refer to the other C++ topics on this platform. Example projects and their associated documentation can be downloaded at github.com/PLCnext/CppExamples.

 

Adding or deleting components and programs

Tip: There's a short tutorial video for all these procedures.

Here's how to add or remove components or programs properly in a C++ project for PLCnext Technology when working with Visual Studio®.

Adding a component

  • Right click on the project. 
  • Select New → PLCnext C++ Component.
    New_component
  • Give the component a name. The namespace is by default the project namespace.
  • Assign the component to a project and click Finish.
    New_component

Adding a program

  • Right click on the project.
  • Select New → PLCnext C++ Program.
    New_program
  • Give the program a name. The namespace is by default the project namespace.
  • Assign the program to a project and select a parent component.
  • Click Finish and you will get the program source and header file.
    New_program

Removing a component

  • To remove a program simply delete the corresponding source and header file.
  • Select the two files, right click on them and choose delete in the menu.
    Delete_program

Removing a program

Deleting a C++ component from your project requires three steps in this order:

  1. Delete the corresponding source and header file of your component.
    Delete_component
  2. Delete all programs assigned to this component or reassign them to another existing component.
    To reassign a program, open the header file of the program and change the references to the component that owns this program. Use the Find/Replace function of Eclipse and search and replace all references by the new component name.
    Find/Replace
  3. Remove all intermediate files from previous builds.
    For this simply right click on your project and select Clean Project.
    Clean_Project

 

Compiling the project

Prerequisites

Note: We recommend to make the following setting so that your files are saved automatically before you execute the Build Project option:

  • In Eclipse®, open the Window → Preferences menu.
  • Select General → Workspace → Build.
  • Enable the Save automatically before build check box.
  • Make this setting separately for each workspace.

Procedure

  • Switch to the Project Explorer to compile the project.
  • Right-click to open the context menu for the project folder
    (in the example: FirstProject1).
  • In the context menu, click on the Build Project option (Screenshot belowshow that) or click on the  Schaltfläche_Build4Targets.PNG button in the tool bar (Screenshot belowshow that)

    Eclipse_BuildProject.png

    Eclipse_Build4Targets.PNG

Successful compilation of the project or possible error messages are displayed on the Console tab.
Eclipse_Console.png

Note: Usually, you receive a warning: offsetof within non-standard-layout type for every defined port, e.g.:

[cmake]: /home/user/Workspace/Counters/intermediate/code/Counters Library.meta.cpp:22:47: 
warning: offsetof within non-standard-layout type ‘Counters::CppRetain’ is undefined [-Winvalid-offsetof]

To suppress these warnings, add the following line to your project's CMakeLists.txt and replace NameOfYourLibrary with the actual name of your library:

target_compile_options(NameOfYourLibrary PRIVATE $<$<CXX_COMPILER_ID:GNU>:-Wno-invalid-offsetof>)

If compilation was successful, a shared object (*.so) file for each target is generated. Otherwise, refer to the error and warning messages for remedy.

Using a C++ program with PLCnext Engineer

To be able to use your C++ program in PLCnext Engineer, you need it compiled into a*.pcwlx library for use with PLCnext Engineer . The LibraryBuilder (which is part of the C++ toolchain installed by PLCnext CLI) automatically generates the library within the process of compilation. The file is located in the project folder, e.g. C:/Users/<username>/workspace/FirstProject/Bin.

  • Import the library into your PLCnext Engineer project.
  • Assign the C++ program to a task.

 

 

 


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• Published/reviewed: 2022-09-14 • Revision 046 •